California Specific Antimicrobial Drug Laws Pertaining to Livestock.
Food And Agricultural Code Division 7:
•Chapter 4.5 Livestock: Use of Antimicrobial Drugs (Section 14400-14408)
•Chapter 4 Livestock Drugs (Section 14200-14390)
•Chapter 6 Commercial Feed (Section 14901-15103)
Business and Professions Code Division 2:
•Chapter 11 Veterinary Medicine (Section 4800-4917)
•Chapter 9 Pharmacy (Section 4000-4426)
Sections of interest
Chapter 4.5 Livestock: Use of Antimicrobial Drugs.
Section 14404: Antimicrobial stewardship guidelines and best management practices
Section 14401: Medically important antimicrobials require prescription or VFD from a licensed veterinarian with a VCPR
Section 14402: Allowable conditions for use
Section 14403: Accessibility to antimicrobials
The gathering of data on antimicrobial use, antimicrobial resistance trends and animal health trend and practices is voluntary. All data collected will be held confidential, unless aggregated to prevent identification of an individual or business.
CDFA has authority to fine violators unless they are licensed veterinarians.
•California Veterinary Medical Board will determine if a veterinarian is in violation and appropriate
disciplinary action on a case by case basis.
California Regulations: Veterinary Client Patient Relationship (VCPR)- 16 CCR 2032.1
Established when the client has authorized the licensed veterinarian to assume responsibility for making medical judgements and the need for medical treatment of the patient (including the prescription of antimicrobials) AND the veterinarian has agreed to assuming that responsibility and has communicated with the client an appropriate course of treatment.
For a valid VCPR, the veterinarian must be personally acquainted with the care of the animal(s) by way of an examination of the animal or by medically appropriate and timely visits to the premises where the animals are kept AND have enough knowledge of the animal(s) to give at least a general or preliminary diagnosis of the medical condition.
California Regulations: Veterinary Written Order- 16 CCR 2032.2
Requirements for what must be written on the prescription by the veterinarian
***Outline the requirements